First Aid in Road Accidents
Many deaths and impact of injuries can be prevented
with First Aid if causalities are treated immediately.
First aid is the initial care given to an injured
person. Mostly, this timely care prior to the arrival of the medical
help means the difference between life and death. It must start
immediately when the injury or illness occurs and continue until
medical help arrives or the casualty recovers.
The basic aims of first aid are:
- To save life.
- To protect the casualty from getting more harm.
- To reduce pain and Priorities of Casualty Treatment.
Priorities of Casualty Treatment
- Cardiac Arrest
- Severe Haemorrhage (Bleeding)
- Other Injuries/Illnesses
Critical four minutes: One of the
most common causes of a road accident death is due to loss of oxygen
supply. This is mostly caused by a blocked airway. Normally it takes
less than four minutes for a blocked airway to cause death.
The 'golden hour': The first
hour after the trauma is called the 'golden hour'. If proper first
aid is given, road accident victims has a greater chance of survival
and a reduction in the severity of their injuries.